How to Build a Chicken Coop at Home

   The success of home chicken keeping  lies in one simple secret: is building an appropriate chicken coop .

  • The basic points to note is the safety and comfort of your chicken.

Remember chicken are very easy to prey on, therefore there must be a proper plan to protect them from all possible risks.

-so How to Build a Chicken Coop!

a Good plan should consider a few factors in order to meet your needs in accommodating the chicken:

  • The number of chickens you want to keep. The size of your structure should depend on the population you want to rear. It is advisable to arrange for at least 4 sq. feet per one hen, although it is always wise to give more room.
  • Right material. Gather the right material that best suits your choice of plan. The best material to use is wood. Strong chicken wire mesh is the best material to use in construction. Strong and reliable locks that cannot be broken into easily protect against predators and theft.
  • Raising your structure 2-3 feet above the ground is key to minimize the risk of coming in contact with wet ground. This may cause diseases and infection.  It’s also a way of protecting the chicken from predators.
  • Provide perch area. Have you noticed how chickens normally rest? They are more comfortable when they are perched. Offer enough space for this so they do not get too cramped.
  • Nest boxes for layers. The right nesting boxes will hold maximum number of eggs keeping them safe at the same time.
  • Enough ventilation. Like any other animal, chicken need plenty of fresh air. Stale air poses the risk of causing contagious sickness.
  • Space for water and waste disposal. Fresh and clean will always top the list when you think of health issues. Chicken droppings should be disposed to avoid contaminating food and water.

  • Steps in Constructing the Chicken Coop;

  • Build the frame, cut the side and vertical battens, fix them together using screws. Make sure the horizontal battens are parallel as well as the vertical battens. this is according the measurement of the size you want. This forms the structure of your coop. The structure should be able to accommodate all features and/or adds-on as planned.  
  • Take two roof trusses and screw them together through the 45-degree angle to create triangles (without bases). This creates your roof trusses, once you have made all three screw them into the coop frame directly above the vertical battens. You should have a blueprint of your end product now.
  • Connect a ridge rail to complete the roof structure. Simply screw the large and small ridge rail in-between the roof trusses.
  • Fit your roof and frame panels. Take oriented strand boards, cut them to the size of the roofing in plan before fitting to the roof and frames. This should distinguish the side panel, gable panels and the roof panels clearly.
  • Cutting openings in the panels. Once the coop has been paneled it is time to cut all of the openings into the panels; such as the coop entrance, nesting boxes, ventilation and cleaning access.
  • You can make basic open/close doors and nesting boxes from the orient board and fit in the openings.
  • Paint the coop house with the color of choice.

  • Building design Ideas

    • Seek Out Shade

     Find a natural spot under a leafy tree then construct your chicken coop underneath. Determine the length of your structure depending with height of the tree and how it has spread its branches. While chicken do not require much space because they do not have any height, remember they are birds and would once to stay up within the shade. The structure of the chicken coop should only be for the night and when they need food or water; otherwise, let them be free in the shade.

     A shade out works both for winter and in summer; the leafy canopy offers warmth to chicken during winter by allowing sun rays to pierce through. It also cools the environment from harsh sun-rays during summer. Let your chicken coop be more admirable; include hanging baskets with flowers around the window area.

    . Elevate the coop 

    Even in summer, the ground can be moist because of organisms and natural processes of decay. Therefore, it is important to prop it up to protect chicken feet from wet environment. Chicken farming can be a daunting task if you are not keen with every environment; the birds are sensitive to any extreme conditions.

    Exposure to wet environment can lead to major health conditions that you might lose most of your chicken; it can be a huge loss if you are keeping chicken for business. Poultry farming goes with tidiness and attention; you must regularly check on your chicken’s feeding behavior and other elements to ascertain any abnormality. Propping up the coop should be your first take to proper care of poultry.

  • Light up the inside
  •  Light and warmth is important for egg laying. This is the primary reason why egg production significantly reduces during winter. As mentioned, you should take time and learn of your chicken behavior; you should know when and where they like to lay and improve on the natural habitat. While you can control and influence their egg-laying behavior, they will be more productive in a natural habitat.

     Suggest a place for egg laying by creating a soft and private location and let the chicken decide; the only way to influence the laying process is installing light in the coop. Be sure to find a high voltage bulb that casts a warm glow, it should not be too hot to make them uncomfortable. Warmth and light sets a good mood inside the coop hence favorable environment for laying eggs.

  • Feather the nest
  •  You should always keep in mind that chicken are birds and they can only thrive in a natural environment for birds. However, you cannot leave them on their own because chicken are not wild; you have to control their feeding and habitat while maintaining the natural habitat. The roosting perches should be filled with feather to make it like a nest.

    Nesting boxes should be as and natural as possible; whether you decide to elevate them or have them on the ground, roosting location should be private and soft. Fabric can be used to soften the roosting places but nothing beats feather in creating a natural habitat. You can also design the roosting baskets with color to make chicken farming more interesting.

  • Predator-proof hardware
  • Apart from attractive designs and mimicking natural habitat for birds, you should protect our poultry from predators in the night as well as in the day. Poultry are an easy target for nocturnal critters; be sure to use steel and mesh wire fitted firmly on edges of the coop to avoid any entrance of a wild animal.

     If your chicken coop is close to your bedroom then you must have heard a commotion in the night; the chicken react to nocturnal passing by. This should be reason enough to toughen security around your chicken coop. While nocturnal critters are the main threats to your poultry, be sure to contain your chicken during the day. In as much as you should let them walk free to strengthen their muscles, make sure no predator gets to them by surrounding the area with tough wire mesh.

  • Install vents
  • Chicken breath and they should have constant flow of air even during the night. Apart from their health, lack of airflow will lead to stuffy and unpleasant smell in the coop. You don’t want visitors to be uncomfortable when sitting in your backyard; make sure your chicken coop is installed with enough vents to allow free flow of air.

    Vents also allow natural light, which is essential for poultry. Whether you are planning to use plastic or wood for chicken coop construction, make sure there are vents all around the structure. Hot air from the bulb and activity of chicken should easily escape through the vents.

  • Your convenience
  •  Before settling on your chicken coop design, consider cleaning of the structure. Chicken also need fresh food and water, which you need to change several times in a day. The only way to manage the roles effectively is walking and doing it yourself.

    The structure does not have to accommodate your height but it should be accessible. If our prefer to crouch while cleaning and replacing food and water it’s still okay because it does not take hours.

      However, it would be more convenient and easy for you if it is an easy walk-in structure; make the length high enough. The floor should also be tough to sustain a person’s weight. Also, include a trash can near the coop because you honestly need to clean the structure daily. poultry can be messy; you should prepare for regular cleaning.

    Whichever way you decide to build your chicken coop, make sure it is secure, natural, and convenient.